Plastics have become a vital asset for humanity. It’s the kind of material that sounds borderline-pie –in-the sky: durable, flexible, versatile, cheap & long-lasting. Understandably, we have obliged by including it in every facet of our modern lives – carry bags, food wraps, cars, pens, headphones, toothbrush, credit cards etc. If we’re upfront about it, our total dependency on plastic makes sense.
What’s not to love about these ubiquitous polymers?
This miracle material does have a fatal flaw. The convenience of plastics comes at a very high cost to environment that has a negative impact on human health. These are synthetic chemicals that wreck havoc on the environment that sustain us. They don’t belong in our world & don’t mix well with nature. Plastics are therefore deemed as a dangerous oxymoron.
Reckoning the menacing corollary of plastics several cities have globally banned the use of plastic bags while some have enforced strict laws against its use.
Biodegradable Alternatives to Plastics
Replacing petroleum-based plastics with eco-friendly cousins is the most viable option to save Mother Earth from escalating ecological catastrophes.
Biodegradable plastics are made from all natural plant based raw materials. The most versatile base material used in their manufacturing is starch produced by plants.
One of the many positive aspects of biodegradable plastics is its natural decomposition that is achieved by naturally occurring bacteria. The bacteria & fungi present in the surrounding environment metabolizes the plastics & further breakdown the structure of biodegradable plastic , which is beneficial to the environment.
Moreover, when these are decomposed they do not release carbon or other pollutants & hence do not cause any environmental pollution.
Aside from a slightly higher cost to produce, biodegradable plastics hold many advantages over standard plastics, with a lesser impact on the environment being one of its greatest advantages.
Among the myriad of advantages offered by Biodegradable plastics include:
The manufacturing of biodegradable plastics involves plant based raw materials that cause minimal or no carbon emission during the composting process.
Litter is a problem that causes extreme negative impact on the environment. As opposed to synthetic plastics, its biodegradable counterparts undergo natural composting. Hence the requirement to properly dispose biodegradable plastics automatically reduces the amount of waste that would otherwise be sent to landfills.
Thought the initial investment may be slightly higher, biodegradable plastics require fewer resources. These are made from biomass, which is a completely renewable resource and also inexpensive. Biomass includes trees, plants, grass, and all organic materials that decompose. This may even include animal fats, meats, and other tissues.
Apart from being an organic compound that takes significantly lesser time to breakdown, biodegradable plastics can further be recycled to make more plastic by products.
The advantages of biodegradable product are significant and of great importance for the future of the planet. Hence save the planet by cutting the use of synthetic plastic.